Cybernetic management - as less harmful management as possible
Generally in the past, the identity of people residing in a country is symbolized by the language they speak or the religion they follow. However, in the modern times people that speak different languages and follow different religion live together to form a nation-having a national flag, national anthem, constitution and usually one official language. Countries that follow some form of democracy run into a problem relating to their civil rights, such as, freedom to practice their religion,/preserve their culture and language etc.-especially those who are in minority live under the fear that their identity is being lost. This is the crux of the present identity crisis. This calls for developing a multi dimensional identity criterion to capture the complexity.
A living example is the current debate on “Who is Hindu? And whether all living in Hindustan are Hindus?’ This is so despite of many scholarly writings. In recent times(1920s) the earliest effort to carve Hindu identity was made by V.D Savarkar in terms of common rashtra, race, and culture(sanskriti) in contrast to the British view on geogtraphical basis. In 1995 the Supreme Court described Hinduism as a way of life and not religion.Because many of the terms used are having different interpretations and one or two criteria do not suffice to establish the identity of people. An attempt is made here to suggest a six dimensional criterion.
1 Regional geographical Identity: people living in a specified bounded region.
2 Religious Identity: faith, perspective of Life philosophy.
3 National political identity: Legal citizens under a given national constitution.
4. Cultural Identity: following specific cultural practices /traditions.
5 Physical Identity: People having particular facial features DNA, eye color, physical structure etc.
6. Psychological Identity: Rational, emotional thinking habits
The purpose of these six criteria is to help to relate him or her with the nation he or she belongs to. It need to be mentioned that these criteria are true only for a bounded time frame, for in the long run, due to changes in human perspectives, values, political and natural changes, some of these may undergo significant change.
1 Regional Geographical Identity
The regional identity of Hindus, that is, those who stay in the region referred to as Hindustan/Hindusthan. All who live there are Hindus or Indians. Incidentally, the word India is from the French parallel word ‘Inde’_ in French Hindi would be pronounced as Inde (h being silent).The word Hindu came into vogue when Muslims invaders referred to people living on this side of river Sindhu as Hindus.There is also a narrow passage in the North Western Himalayan frontier calle3d Hindu Kuss( a place where invaders slaughtered large number of defending Hindus). In the ancient times, however, this region was called Bharatvarsh that include present day Pakistan, part of Afghanistan, Bangladesh and seven islands in the Indian ocean), Hindavi during Mogul rule and India during British rule. Thus, the name of as nation may change over a period of time and so also the composition of people residing in it.
2. Religious Identity
This consists of three categories; (1) those who believe in God (form or formless).They may worship Him in different ways. These include those who worship one or more god idols of Ganesh, Vishnu, Shiva ,Shakti, and Christian ,Parses etc.Bharatiya Hindus ,Buddhists, and Jains believe in Soul. The same way Bharat also has a an’Atma’that has been purified by rishis and muni (sages) over thousands of years Those who worship formless/abstract God include Adwait Vedantes , and Muslims. The category (2) consists of Nastiks(non believers in God) included are Athests, communists, Tribal. The (3) category includes those who believe in practicing a purposeful way of life or Dharma ,such as, Buddhists, Jains, Siddha and Sanatan Dharmis. Thus, while all Sanatan Dharam followers are Hindus yet others also are Hindu, for Hindus is a larger connotation. So Muslims or Christians should not get offended if referred as Hindus. This is the view of many Hindus including the R.S.S. chief Sri Mohan Bhagwat(views expressed in The Himu Newspaper recently –see Face book under Mohan Bhagwat). However, as during the British India era the term Hindu has been given a specific connotation, in order to avoid confusion of “ who is Hindu?”(see Hindupedia on the Web), however,it is preferable not to call others as Hindu and the word Indian is acceptable to all. It is suggest that the people of this country be identified as Bharatiya Hindus, Bharatiya Muslim or Bhartiya Christians etc., just as there are American Indians, or Syrian Christians. Moreover, calling all Indians as Bharatiya help them to distinguish them from Red Indians - the original natives of American who Columbus mistook for Indians. Presently, Americans refer to Indians as Hindus which include Muslims and others. Hence, calling ourselves as Bharatiya we avoid this confusion.
3. National Political Identity
This consists of people who as citizens of a nation-irrespective of Faith and religious practices are governed by a written Constitution. They also relate themselves to a national anthem, one or two official language and national flag. Thus, all citizens of Bharat or India are Bharatiya or Indians /Hindustani. However, as referred in above in criterion 2,it is strongly recommended that our Constitution should be amended and the opening paragraph to state “Bharat that is Hindustan or India “. Thus both pravasiya and apravasiya Bharatiya would be linked together to have a common identity. Besides efforts should also be made to trace People of Bharatiya Origin spread across the globe, for instance, Hindus of Far East Asia: Bali, Fiji, , Indonesia, Singapore, Tibet, China, Japan Nepal, Afganistan, Bangladesh , Pakistan, Yazidi of Kurdistan, Parses of Iran , other Arab countries, Azarbejan, Russia, European countries with a view to trace common heritage and understanding of influence of Bharatiya civilization on evolution of world culture and civilization.
4. Cultural Identity
India is vey ancient civilization, perhaps even older that the known Indus Vally civilization. It has a rich cultural past and traditions that vary from one another in different parts of the vast country. The impact of Dravidians Aryans, Greeks, Roman, Persians, Syrian Christians, Muslims and many other invaders have had their imprint on Hindu cultural practices. Likewise, the Hindus cultural milieu is rich in food cuisine, literature, dance forms, music, sculpture, art and craft.
5. Physical Identity
People of this region due to the climatic and racial factors have marked structural and facial features; Arian, Mongolian, Dravidian, African etc, color of the eyes and D.N.A also captures common traits of our identity.
6. Psychological Identity
People of this region are, by and large, peace loving, highly emotional, God fearing, ritualistic and introvert by nature.
It proposed that this multi dimensional criterion would perhaps be able to capture the complexity associated with the identity of persons living in a country.